black grape variety


blauburgunder (Austria), spätburgunder (Germany), pinot nero (Italy)


early budding
early ripening
drought sensitive
thin skin
prone to coulure and millerandage
susceptible to botrytis bunch rot, downy mildew and powdery mildew


pale colour
high acidity
medium tannins
medium alcohol
medium body
medium intensity
cherry, raspberry, mushroom


Patagonia, Argentina
Atlantic, Argentina
South Australia, Australia
Tasmania, Australia
Victoria, Australia
Western Australia, Australia
Niederösterreich, Austria
British Columbia, Canada
Ontario, Canada
Coquimbo, Chile
Aconcagua, Chile
Central Valley, Chile
Southern, Chile
Austral, Chile
Alsace, France
Burgundy, France
Champagne, France
Jura, France
Northern Rhône Valley, France
Savoie/Bugey, France
Ahr, Germany
Baden, Germany
Hessische Bergstrasse, Germany
Mittelrhein, Germany
Nahe, Germany
Pfalz, Germany
Rheinessen, Germany
Rheingau, Germany
Württemberg, Germany
Upper Pannon, Hungary
Friuli, Italy
Lombardia, Italy
Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy
Valle d'Aosta, Italy
Wairarapa, New Zealand
Nelson, New Zealand
Waitaki Valley, New Zealand
Central Otago, New Zealand
Canterbury, New Zealand
Marlborough, New Zealand
Beira Atlântico, Portugal
Lisboa, Portugal
South Africa
Navarre, Spain
Three Lakes, Switzerland
Valais, Switzerland
Vaud, Switzerland
Genève, Switzerland
German-speaking Switzerland, Switzerland
Far North California, United States
North Coast California, United States
Central Coast California, United States
New York, United States
Oregon, United States
Washington, United States
Lea Gatinois DipWSET