black grape variety


late budding
late ripening
thick skin
prone to coulure
susceptible to trunk diseases
cabernet franc x sauvignon blanc


deep colour
high acidity
high tannins
medium to high alcohol
medium to full body
pronounced intensity
blackcurrant, cedar, bell pepper


The North, Argentina
Cuyo, Argentina
Patagonia, Argentina
New South Wales, Australia
Queensland, Australia
South Australia, Australia
Victoria, Australia
Western Australia, Australia
British Columbia, Canada
Ontario, Canada
Aconcagua, Chile
Central Valley, Chile
Southern, Chile
Bordeaux, France
South-West, France
Upper Pannon, Hungary
Pannon, Hungary
Basilicata, Italy
Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Friuli, Italy
Lombardia, Italy
Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy
Tuscany, Italy
Umbria, Italy
Auckland, New Zealand
Hawke's Bay, New Zealand
Alentejano, Portugal
Beira Atlântico, Portugal
Lisboa, Portugal
Tejo, Portugal
South Africa
Andalusia, Spain
Aragon, Spain
Castile and León, Spain
Catalonia, Spain
Navarre, Spain
Valencia, Spain
Far North California, United States
North Coast California, United States
Central Coast California, United States
Southern California, United States
Inland Valleys, United States
Sierra Foothills, United States
New York, United States
Washington, United States
Lea Gatinois DipWSET